Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory

A DOE Office of Science User Facility

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User Projects

The following is a list of projects that have been active over the past three years.
For a comprehensive list of projects, see All Projects. You can also search for released data.
Lead Institution: United States Department of Agriculture - Agricultural Research Service
Principal Investigator: Patricia Okubara
Wheat and barley sustain chronic and acute yield losses to Rhizoctonia solani throughout the world, but especially in the dryland production regions of the Pacific Northwest, USA and Australia. Genetic resistance against R. solani is desirable, but...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Amy Sims
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV 2) is the causative agent of coronavirus infectious disease 2019 (COVID-19) and is responsible for the first recorded human coronavirus pandemic. Despite sharing ~ 80% of their genomic sequence...
Lead Institution: University of Iowa
Principal Investigator: Kevin Campbell
The polymerization of matriglycan – a linear polysaccharide composed of alternating xylose and glucuronic acid units – on dystroglycan by LARGE1 is indispensable for neuromuscular function. Matriglycan anchors the cytoskeleton to the basement...
Lead Institution: University of Wisconsin, Madison
Principal Investigator: Deane Mosher
Eosinophils (EOS) are leukocytes that play roles in diseases marked by eosinophilic inflammation and processes of medical interest1,2. Crystalloid granules of EOS contain a payload of cytotoxic proteins unique to EOS. Upon activation with cytokines...
Lead Institution: University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Principal Investigator: Ryan Hibbs
The alpha7 nicotinic receptor is a broadly expressed pentameric ligand-gated ion channel found in the central nervous system as well as in the immune system and in epithelial cells. Here we propose to use a direct structural approach to understand...
Lead Institution: University of Iowa
Principal Investigator: Chou-Long Huang
a-Klotho is type-1 membrane protein of which mutation in mice results in phenotypes resembling premature human aging. Membranous a-klotho interacts with fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) to form coreceptors for FGF23. The ectodomain of...
Lead Institution: University of Washington
Principal Investigator: Mengyu Wu
Protein assemblies with cage-like architectures are an emerging class of versatile nanoscale building blocks for a wide variety of applications including biological probes and delivery vehicles. However, it remains challenging to program their...
Lead Institution: Portland State University
Principal Investigator: Steve Reichow
Despite effective surgery, cataracts remain the leading cause of blindness worldwide – demanding our molecular-level understanding of this debilitating disease. Cataracts are a result of age- dependent chemical modifications to the major cytosolic...
Lead Institution: Oregon Health & Science University
Principal Investigator: Eric Gouaux
Signal transduction at the chemical synapses of the nervous system involves neurotransmitter release by presynaptic neurons into the synaptic cleft followed by activation of receptors, typically on the postsynaptic membrane. Glycine receptors (GlyR...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Janos Szanyi
Upcycling large volume of common polymers (e.g., polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP)) is one of the great challenges our environmental science research is facing. We are initiating research efforts to catalytically convert polymers to energy...