Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory

A DOE Office of Science User Facility

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User Projects

The following is a list of projects that have been active over the past three years.
For a comprehensive list of projects, see All Projects. You can also search for released data.
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Arun Devaraj
Solid phase processing (SPP) of alloys using shear-deformation results in nanoscale metastable phases and enhanced mechanical properties. High-speed mass and energy transfer during such process makes the atomic-scale mechanisms in solid phase...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Garry Buchko
Biomineralization is the process used by living organism to produce minerals with properties not always found in their equivalent inorganically produced counterparts. In vertebrates, mineralized tissues such as bone, cementum, dentin and enamel all...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Dongsheng Li
The long-term goal of this project is to understand the growth of complex crystalline structures by aggregation and oriented attachment (OA) of primary nanoparticles and thus to tune crystal structures with desired properties. The formation of...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Steven Spurgeon
This project aims to expand our investigation of defects induced by ion-beam irradiation in oxide and semiconductor systems. We build on our prior existing EMSL proposals, which resulted in multiple high-impact publications and external proposals to...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Karen Kruska
The objective of this proposal is to elucidate atomic- to nanoscale mechanisms driving the evolution of materials in extreme environments relevant to energy applications. In energy generating systems, high temperatures, stress, radiation, and/or...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Miao Song
Twin structures are widespread in natural and synthetic crystalline materials, leading to various structures and morphologies that significantly affect physical and chemical properties. However, the investigation of twin formation and evolution is...
Lead Institution: Oregon State University
Principal Investigator: Rebecca Lybrand
Fungi play a fundamental role in regulating and accelerating the cycling of nutrients (C, N, S) and metals (Ca, Na, Mg, K, Fe, Mn) bound in soil minerals and rocks as demonstrated by the ubiquitous nature of fungal-derived tunnels, pits, and etch...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Thomas Autrey
This proposal will determine the mechanistic and thermodynamic understanding required to address bottlenecks in materials capable of storing hydrogen or methane. We propose a series of experiments including detailed characterization that will...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Garry Buchko
Biomineralization is the process used by living organism to produce minerals with properties not always found in their equivalent inorganically produced counterparts. In vertebrates, mineralized tissues such as bone, cementum, dentin and enamel all...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Sandra Taylor
The objective of this work is to elucidate atomic- to nano-scale mechanisms driving the evolution of materials in extreme environments, relevant to energy applications. Current understanding of the synergistic effects of variables such as high...

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