Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory

A DOE Office of Science User Facility

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User Projects

The following is a list of projects that have been active over the past three years.
For a comprehensive list of projects, see All Projects. You can also search for released data.
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Brian Riley
The primary goal of this user proposal is to gain access to the unique instruments at EMSL that we need to identify and spatially resolve light elements such as Li and B in the presence of other surrogate radionuclides in a variety of waste forms....
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Thomas Autrey
This proposal will determine the mechanistic and thermodynamic understanding required to address bottlenecks in materials capable of storing hydrogen or methane. We propose a series of experiments including detailed characterization that will...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Carlos Fernandez
Through this proposal EMSL will provide experimental resources for enhanced energy production and subsurface science discovery that supports the needs of DOE and the nation. These proposed investigations will support the development of novel...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Jian-zhi Hu
We propose to use NMR in combination with computational modeling, to study the conversion of soluble tetrahedral aluminum (Al) species to octahedrally coordinated Al-bearing mineral precipitates under strongly basic conditions typical of high-level...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Arun Devaraj
This project will conduct a comprehensive demonstration of PNNL capabilities for multimodal in situ chemical imaging of structural, compositional and chemical state changes on metallic alloy surfaces during exposure to reactive gaseous environments...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Arun Devaraj
Solid phase processing (SPP) of alloys using shear-deformation results in nanoscale metastable phases and enhanced mechanical properties. High-speed mass and energy transfer during such process makes the atomic-scale mechanisms in solid phase...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: James De Yoreo
The aims of the proposed research are to: 1) Determine the structure of the near surface water layer in the confined region between approaching mineral surfaces and determine the impact of electrolytes and bioorganic ligands on that structure, and 2...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Scott Chambers
Complex oxides have the widest range of properties of any class of materials explored to date. However, with many degrees of freedom come many possible outcomes. Consequently, controlled synthesis of oxide materials, and ultimately achieving atomic...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Eugene Ilton
We propose to study the influence of Fe(III) (oxyhydr)oxides on the biogeochemical cycling of Zn, an essential micronutrient. The work is specifically focused on incorporation of Zn into the structure of ubiquitous Fe phases such as goethite and...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Kevin Rosso
Understanding aquatic chemistry, the natural cycling and fractionation of elements, and energy flow in soils almost always involves, by necessity, attention to the governing influence of electron transfer processes. Interaction of aqueous Fe(II)...

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