Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory

A DOE Office of Science User Facility

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User Projects

The following is a list of projects that have been active over the past three years.
For a comprehensive list of projects, see All Projects. You can also search for released data.
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Feng Gao
To help meet the DOE goals of enabling more fuel-efficient vehicle engine technologies, we have been carrying out research programs funded by DOE/Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)/Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO) for the past...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Vijayakumar Murugesan
The detailed investigation of advanced battery electrolyte solution structure and dynamics is critical to the ongoing development and capability expansion of alternative battery technologies for grid storage. Fundamental studies inform the design of...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Xin Zhang
The goal of this project is to develop a fundamental understanding of iron oxide nanoparticle (NPs) aggregation mechanisms with soil organic matters (SOM). Heteroaggregation is a ubiquitous but poorly understood phenomenon that strongly impacts iron...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Vijayakumar Murugesan
The detailed investigation of advanced battery electrolyte solution structure and interfacial interaction is critical to the ongoing development of both conventional and emerging energy storage technologies. Fundamental studies inform the design of...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Feng Gao
To help meet DOE goals of enabling more fuel-efficient vehicle engine technologies, for the past ~15 years we have been carrying out research programs funded by DOE/Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)/Vehicle Technologies Office...
Lead Institution: Cornell University
Principal Investigator: Carmen Martinez
Soil organic matter (SOM) is the largest reservoir of carbon (C) and nutrients, especially nitrogen (N), in terrestrial ecosystems. SOM is found throughout soil profiles, with content typically decreasing from surface to bedrock. Current theory...
Lead Institution: Indiana University - Bloomington
Principal Investigator: Jonathan Raff
The overall goal of this proposal is to investigate how plant-microbe-mineral interactions drive emissions of reactive nitrogen from soils. Fluxes of reactive nitrogen oxides [NOy = NO + NO2 + HONO] from soil are poorly studied due to their highly...
Lead Institution: University of Georgia
Principal Investigator: Rebecca Abney
Prescribed burning has exponentially increased in the United States over the past five years due to growing research into its use for land management and recent changes in legislation. While the impacts of wildfire on soil organic matter (SOM)...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Vijayakumar Murugesan
The specific aim of this project is to probe the structure-property relationships of energy storage materials based on multivalent ions (Mg2+, Ca2+ and Al3+) under dynamic electrochemical cycling conditions with a range of spatial (down to atomic)...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: David Heldebrant
Carbon dioxide is one of the most simple and abundant molecules on earth as it plays a critical role in biological lifecycles as a feedstock for plants to chemically store energy in hydrocarbons and conversely a byproduct of hydrocarbon combustion....

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