Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory

A DOE Office of Science User Facility

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User Projects

The following is a list of projects that have been active over the past three years.
For a comprehensive list of projects, see All Projects. You can also search for released data.
Lead Institution: University of California, Riverside
Principal Investigator: Leonard Mueller
Our goal is to understand the molecular basis for reaction specificity in pyridoxal-5'-phosphate (PLP) dependent enzymes, focusing on the 143 kDa, PLP-dependent enzyme tryptophan synthase (TS), mutants of TS, and related PLP-dependent enzymes....
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Jian-zhi Hu
Fundamental research in beyond Lithium ion battery has been limited and an in-situ NMR method to probe transient electrochemical reactions has yet to be developed. We propose to develop unique in situ NMR capabilities to study the detailed redox...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Vijayakumar Murugesan
The detailed investigation of advanced battery electrolyte solution structure and dynamics is critical to the ongoing development and capability expansion of alternative battery technologies for grid storage. Fundamental studies inform the design of...
Lead Institution: Ohio University
Principal Investigator: Jared DeForest
Phosphorus (P) is an essential nutrient for life, but its role in mediating important biogeochemical cycles is often overlooked or misunderstood due to the emphasis on carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) cycling in terrestrial ecosystem science, especially...
Lead Institution: Joint Genome Institute
Principal Investigator: Susannah Tringe
Coastal environments are a source of significant uncertainty in global climate models, and have historically been subjected to large-scale manipulations with substantial impact on the global carbon cycle. The objective of this proposal is to...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Garry Buchko
The goal of this research proposal is to establish concrete design principles that define and control efficient proton (H+) transport for [FeFe]-hydrogenase (H2ase). Proteins are able to perform remarkably efficient spatial and temporal delivery of...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: James De Yoreo
The aims of the proposed research are to: 1) determine the impact of adsorbed organics on mineral-solution interfacial structure, 2) understand how organics impact solution speciation during mineral nucleation, and 3) determine the mechanisms by...
Lead Institution: University of California, Merced
Principal Investigator: Asmeret Berhe
Soil organic phosphorus (P) has been identified as a pivotal component of bioavailable P, especially in late stages of ecosystem development. Organic P turnover rate is affected by the stabilization ability of the soil (i.e. organic matter, minerals...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Garry Buchko
A potential consequence of rapid climate change is the emergence of epidemic infectious zoonotic diseases as the habitats of disease carriers change to expose human populations to new infectious agents. These environmental changes, along with the...
Lead Institution: Washington State University
Principal Investigator: Norman Lewis
Our overall aim is to further identify, dissect, and exploit dirigent protein (DP) mediated supramolecular protein complexes for macromolecular lignin assembly in order to ultimately achieve facile biomass deconstruction. Our ongoing EMSL work has...

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