Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory

A DOE Office of Science User Facility

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User Projects

The following is a list of projects that have been active over the past three years.
For a comprehensive list of projects, see All Projects. You can also search for released data.
Lead Institution: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Principal Investigator: Elizabeth Shank
Bacteria live everywhere, from the soil and sea to the surface of every plant and animal on earth. Most bacteria exist within diverse, multispecies communities that exert profound impacts on their hosts as well as on ecosystem-level processes. In...
Lead Institution: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Esther Singer
Nitrogen limitation is a global challenge for biofuel crop resilience and hence bioenergy security. Plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPB) can help to mitigate plant stress by forming symbiotic relationships with their host that are mediated by...
Lead Institution: Institute of Microbiology of the CAS
Principal Investigator: Petr Baldrian
Forest soils represent an environment with high carbon (C) stocks and important hotspots of C turnover and microorganisms are the most important actors in this process. The understanding of the C flow through the soil microbial foodweb would provide...
Lead Institution: Princeton University
Principal Investigator: Tullis Onstott
The specific aim of this Large-Scale EMSL proposal is to image the metabolic interactions of deep subsurface anaerobic CH4-cycling microbial consortia: 1) at high pressure and temperature; 2) at high temperature and salinity, and 3) during in situ...
Lead Institution: Rice University
Principal Investigator: Janet Braam
Exosomes are powerful vehicles for local, distal and even transpecies cell-to-cell communication in diverse eukaryotes, but whether plant extracellular vesicles can act similarly to exosomes characterized in animals and are used for plant...
Lead Institution: Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: David Weston
We propose a collaborative project with JGI and EMSL to determine how Sphagnum peatmoss and microbial genetic variation interact to influence community function at elevated temperatures. As part of a DOE Early Career award, we have developed...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: James Stegen
Terrestrial-aquatic interfaces are widely recognized as active zones of organic matter metabolism, and hyporheic zones in particular are critical in determining the fate of organic matter globally. In particular, subsurface zones of groundwater-...
Lead Institution: University of California, Santa Barbara
Principal Investigator: Ryoko Oono
Decomposition of leaf litter by a diverse microbial community is a major biogeochemical process in the global carbon cycle. Fungi are considered the primary decomposers of plant litter, especially of highly recalcitrant lignocellulose matrices that...
Lead Institution: Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Principal Investigator: Jennifer Hurley
Biofuel production using cellulases extracted from fungi has the potential to be a major resource to replace fossil fuels and regulating the synthesis of these and other enzymes is crucial for the economics of biofuel production from lignocellulose...