Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory

A DOE Office of Science User Facility

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User Projects

The following is a list of projects that have been active over the past three years.
For a comprehensive list of projects, see All Projects. You can also search for released data.
Lead Institution: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Principal Investigator: Amy Marshall-Colon
Sorghum bicolor is an important bioenergy crop because it has high nutrient and water use efficiency, and produces a large quantity of biomass that can be processed into ethanol for biofuels. Many genomic resources exist for sorghum, and the...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Charles Ansong
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) is a chronic disease resulting from the autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells. In addition to evolving ideas about the role of beta cells in genetic susceptibility to T1D, there is mounting...
Lead Institution: Michigan State University
Principal Investigator: Lisa Tiemann
To meet the goals of highly productive and sustainable bioenergy cropping systems, we need to explore all options for improving the efficiency of bioenergy crops, including optimizing the positive relationships between bioenergy crops and indigenous...
Lead Institution: Brookhaven National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Crysten Blaby
Zinc is an essential nutrient in biology. When encountering environments with suboptimal zinc availability, organisms initiate acclimation strategies that operate to increase assimilation and release intracellular stores. In this proposal, our goal...
Lead Institution: University of Washington
Principal Investigator: Sharon Doty
Native poplar (Populus) plants have a diverse microbiota including endophytes, microorganisms that live within plants, some of which can fix atmospheric nitrogen (N2) into forms of nitrogen (N) available to their host plant. These beneficial...
Lead Institution: University of Missouri - Columbia
Principal Investigator: Gary Stacey
Recent data indicate that competition between plant plasma membrane (PM) receptor palmitoylation and autophosphorylation defines inactive and active states, respectively. Hence, for any given treatment, global monitoring of receptor palmitoylation...
Lead Institution: Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Alexander Johs
Levels of toxic methylmercury (MeHg) in the environment are a net result of mercury (Hg) methylation and MeHg demethylation processes. Mercury methylation by anaerobic bacteria and archaea is the primary source of MeHg and has been linked to the...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Jon Magnuson
Economical and sustainable production of biofuels and bioproducts from biomass requires efficient utilization of the carbon contained within, thereby creating a need for enzyme cocktails used in the deconstruction of the polysaccharides and lignin...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Alex Beliaev
Directed evolution and targeted trait selection remain among the most powerful and successful tools available for attaining the process improvements necessary to enable commercial success in many biotechnology sectors. Our team is using "solar-...
Lead Institution: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Principal Investigator: Elizabeth Shank
In nature, most microbes exist as members of complex multispecies communities that play vital roles promoting plant and soil health. Many of these microbial communities exist as biofilms: structured multispecies collections of microbial cells...