Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory

A DOE Office of Science User Facility

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User Projects

The following is a list of projects that have been active over the past three years.
For a comprehensive list of projects, see All Projects. You can also search for released data.
Lead Institution: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Principal Investigator: Elizabeth Shank
Soil microbial processes exert a major influence on many of our planet's ecosystems, yet our ability to directly observe the enzymatic and metabolic activities of microbes within soil is currently critically limited. This in part due to the...
Lead Institution: University of British Columbia
Principal Investigator: Steven Hallam
Plant and microbial biomass offers a renewable alternative to energy and materials produced from oil. The industrial scale production or biorefining of sugars and aromatic compounds from biomass needs more effective and efficient biocatalysts. For...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Kristin Burnum-Johnson
The overall objective of this research is to identify uterine molecular targets that influence the window of receptivity for embryo implantation. The rational for the proposed research is that a better understanding of uterine-derived mediators...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Garry Buchko
The goal of this research proposal is to establish concrete design principles that define and control efficient proton (H+) transport for [FeFe]-hydrogenase (H2ase). Proteins are able to perform remarkably efficient spatial and temporal delivery of...
Lead Institution: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Principal Investigator: Elizabeth Shank
In nature, most microbes exist as members of complex multispecies communities that play vital roles promoting plant and soil health. Many of these microbial communities exist as biofilms: structured multispecies collections of microbial cells...
Lead Institution: Washington State University
Principal Investigator: Norman Lewis
Our overall aim is to further identify, dissect, and exploit dirigent protein (DP) mediated supramolecular protein complexes for macromolecular lignin assembly in order to ultimately achieve facile biomass deconstruction. Our ongoing EMSL work has...
Lead Institution: University of Massachusetts Amherst
Principal Investigator: Kristen DeAngelis
Climate change is a current crisis that requires reduced reliance on non-renewable fuels, and lignocellulose offers an abundant and undervalued renewable fuel alternative. Lignin is a strong barrier to the conversion of cellulose to biofuels, and...
Lead Institution: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Ty Samo
Attachment between phototrophic microalgae and heterotrophic bacteria is an integral yet understudied facet of microbial ecology. Such inter-kingdom cooperative partnerships have important consequences for biogeochemical cycling, ecosystem function...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Jason McDermott
The goal of this project is to attain a systems level understanding of the soil microbiome and its phenotypic response to changing moisture through a tractable, spatially explicit examination of the molecular and ecological interactions occurring...