Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory

A DOE Office of Science User Facility

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User Projects

The following is a list of projects that have been active over the past three years.
For a comprehensive list of projects, see All Projects. You can also search for released data.
Lead Institution: University of Minnesota
Principal Investigator: Jiwei Zhang
Fungi are dominant microbes for carbon turnover of plant biomass in terrestrial systems. Some of them, namely brown rot fungi, evolved more efficient mechanisms than others, causing the fast decomposition and utilization of woody biomass. Due to the...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Thomas Autrey
This proposal will determine the mechanistic and thermodynamic understanding required to address bottlenecks in materials capable of storing or transporting hydrogen. We propose a series of experiments including detailed characterization that will...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Robert Dagle
The overall objective of this study is to further investigate our recent catalyst innovation enabling the selective, single-step conversion of bio-derived ethanol to 1- and 2-butene (linear butenes). We intend to continue to improve the technology...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Jian-zhi Hu
Fundamental research in beyond Lithium ion battery has been limited and an in-situ NMR method to probe transient electrochemical reactions has yet to be developed. We propose to develop unique in situ NMR capabilities to study the detailed redox...
Lead Institution: HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology
Principal Investigator: Kankshita Swaminathan
Miscanthus is a widely adapted high biomass perennial grass, commonly grown as an ornamental, that shows promise as a bioenergy crop. Most available Miscanthus lines, including the high yielding interspecific hybrid, Miscanthus x giganteus (Mxg),...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Vanessa Bailey
This project is directed under the "Terrestrial Microbial Carbon Cycling" SFA project awarded to Los Alamos National Laboratory. The goal of the SFA is to interrogate how soil microbial community variation contributes to the fate of carbon...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: ManishKumar Shrivastava
Secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formed by multiphase chemical reactions in the atmosphere greatly contribute to fine particulate matter and organic aerosols (OA). Despite mounting evidence, aqueous- and cloud-phase SOA formation remains one of the...
Lead Institution: University of Hawaii
Principal Investigator: Karolina Heyduk
CAM photosynthesis is a water-saving modification to the more common C3 photosynthetic pathway, found in about 8% of flowering plants, including desert species like agaves and cacti. CAM species can be constitutive - in that they use CAM for nearly...
Lead Institution: University of Michigan
Principal Investigator: Kerri Pratt
The proposed project will address critical gaps in our understanding of the Arctic aerosol sources, chemical composition, and ice nucleation properties through chemical imaging and ice nucleation particle analysis of samples collected during three...
Lead Institution: University of California, Santa Barbara
Principal Investigator: Michelle O'Malley
This proposal seeks use of EMSL resources to characterize the unique, multi-enzyme cellulosomes made by anaerobic gut fungi that are found within large herbivores. Cellulosomes enable anaerobic microbes to tether different types of biomass-degrading...