Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory

A DOE Office of Science User Facility

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User Projects

The following is a list of projects that have been active over the past three years.
For a comprehensive list of projects, see All Projects. You can also search for released data.
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: David Heldebrant
Carbon dioxide is one of the most simple and abundant molecules on earth as it plays a critical role in biological lifecycles as a feedstock for plants to chemically store energy in hydrocarbons and conversely a byproduct of hydrocarbon combustion....
Lead Institution: Universita degli Studi della Tuscia
Principal Investigator: Laura Selbmann
Cryptoendolithic communities are almost the only life-forms assuring ecosystem functionality in the Antarctic desert, among the harshest terrestrial environments and the Martian counterpart on Earth. Under environmental conditions that would be...
Lead Institution: University of New Hampshire
Principal Investigator: Paula Mouser
The injection of fluids and proppants to fracture deep shale for energy recovery introduces microbial cells and substrates to low-permeability geological formations. Microorganisms in hydraulically fractured subsurface systems influence carbon...
Lead Institution: University of Wisconsin, Madison
Principal Investigator: Reid Van Lehn
The conversion of lignocellulosic biomass is a promising method to produce biofuels and chemicals for further microbial conversion from a renewable carbon resource via liquid-phase, acid-catalyzed reactions. A critical variable that affects reaction...
Lead Institution: Oregon State University
Principal Investigator: Kelsey Stoerzinger
This proposal aims to obtain molecular understanding of the sorption of nitrogen (N) oxyanions and model organic species on model mineral surfaces, and ultimately provide better constraints in modeling the fate of these species in soils and water...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: James Stegen
This project will transform our ability to understand and predict how the influences of biogeochemical hot spots and hot moments on surface-subsurface systems are altered by disturbance. New theory and models will be developed across a broad range...
Lead Institution: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Principal Investigator: Amy Marshall-Colon
Sorghum bicolor is an important bioenergy crop because it has high nutrient and water use efficiency, and produces a large quantity of biomass that can be processed into ethanol for biofuels. Many genomic resources exist for sorghum, and the...
Lead Institution: University of California, Berkeley
Principal Investigator: N. Louise Glass
Filamentous fungi are essential for carbon recycling in ecosystems, in symbiotic interactions essential for plant productivity and in biotechnology as superb systems for protein production utilized for biofuel and bioproducts manufacturing and...
Lead Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Carolyn Pearce
Microbes are ubiquitous in the terrestrial surface and have mastered the art of establishing equilibrium in their localized environment. Samples obtained during an excavation of Broborg, an ancient Swedish hillfort, provide a unique opportunity to...
Lead Institution: Boston University
Principal Investigator: Jennifer Bhatnagar
Ectomycorrhizal fungi (EMF) that associate with the roots of live plants can control the growth rate of their hosts and the amount of nutrients and carbon (C) that are recycled through soil (e.g., as CO2 respired to the atmosphere) during...

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