Energy Materials & Processes

Energy Materials and Processes focuses on the dynamic transformation mechanisms and physical and chemical properties at critical interfaces in catalysts and energy materials needed to design new materials and systems for sustainable energy applications. By facilitating the development and rapid dissemination of critical molecular-level information along with predictive modeling of interfaces and their unique properties EMSL helps enable the design and development of practical, efficient, environmentally benign and economic energy storage and energy conversion systems.

  • Solvent-mediated Interfacial Chemistry: Develop sufficient understanding of the dynamic and emergent processes that occur at solvent-mediated interfaces to predict the transformation mechanisms and physical and chemical properties needed to design advanced batteries and new catalysts for degradation of biomass and upgrading of bioproduced fuels and renewable chemicals.

Leads

(509) 371-6245

Dr. Baer is EMSL's science theme lead for Molecular Transformations. As lead he implements the vision for development and implementation of scientific leadership within that area of emphasis, including objectives, targets and assembling the...

Instruments

Highlighted Research Applications Characterization of quadrupolar nuclei for materials and natural sediment samples High power diffusion...
Custodian(s): Nancy Washton
Highlighted Research Applications Characterization of quadrupolar nuclei for materials and biological samples In situ catalysis investigations via...
Custodian(s): Andrew S Lipton
The atmospheric pressure reactor system is designed for testing the efficiency of various catalysts for the treatment of gas-phase pollutants. EMSL...
Custodian(s): Russell Tonkyn
The LEAP® 4000 XHR local electrode atom probe tomography instrument enabled the first-ever comprehensive and accurate 3-D chemical imaging studies...
Custodian(s): Arun Devaraj
This unique instrument is capable of measuring gas/solid reaction rates under realistic, high-pressure (∼1 atm) conditions using model, low-surface...
Custodian(s): Janos Szanyi

Publications

The α-proteobacterium ‘Candidatus Pelagibacter ubique’ str. HTCC1062, and most other members of the SAR11 clade, lack genes for assimilatory sulfate...
The activities of CeO2, Mn2O3-CeO2 and ZrO2-CeO2 were measured for acetic acid ketonization under reaction conditions relevant to pyrolysis vapor...
In this paper, nonaqueous-electrolyte-based Li-air batteries with O2-selective immobilized liquid membranes have been developed and operated in...
In this study, the strengthening effect of inclusions and precipitates in metals is investigated within a multiscale approach that utilizes models...
Energy stabilization of the superatom molecular orbitals (SAMOs) in fullerenes is investigated with the goal of involving their nearly free-electron...

Science Highlights

Posted: October 17, 2016
The solid-liquid interface is the most common interface in electrochemical systems. Scientists at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and EMSL...
Posted: July 05, 2016
A team of scientists from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Technische Universität München studied how water slows a solid acid catalyst's...
Posted: June 08, 2016
Zeolites are promising catalysts for turning biomass into transportation fuels, but their stability in hot water is difficult to understand and...
Posted: May 20, 2016
The Science Methanogenic archaea produce more than 90 percent of Earth’s atmospheric methane, totaling more than 1 billion tons of methane per year...
Posted: May 20, 2016
Magnesium batteries hold promise as an energy storage option, but there are some issues with their electrodes. A team of scientists at Pacific...

Instruments

Electrical, optical and mechanical properties of inorganic nanostructures have strong relationships with their morphologies. For example, one-...
The aim of this proposal is to build upon our initial success in the exploration of the 3-D location and distribution of the Al and Si atoms in...
PNNL is home to state of the art research capabilities, which are often underutilized on radioactive samples due to non-dispersion requirements and...
The goal of this proposal is to understand the microstructural evolution during non-equilibrium, rapid solidification of a molten magnesium-aluminum-...
The goal of this proposal is to understand the microstructural evolution during non-equilibrium, rapid solidification of a molten magnesium-aluminum-...

Energy Materials and Processes focuses on the dynamic transformation mechanisms and physical and chemical properties at critical interfaces in catalysts and energy materials needed to design new materials and systems for sustainable energy applications. By facilitating the development and rapid dissemination of critical molecular-level information along with predictive modeling of interfaces and their unique properties EMSL helps enable the design and development of practical, efficient, environmentally benign and economic energy storage and energy conversion systems.

  • Solvent-mediated Interfacial Chemistry: Develop sufficient understanding of the dynamic and emergent processes that occur at solvent-mediated interfaces to predict the transformation mechanisms and physical and chemical properties needed to design advanced batteries and new catalysts for degradation of biomass and upgrading of bioproduced fuels and renewable chemicals.

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